Blog by: Sulagna Das
As time has progressed we have eventually turned towards a more sedentary lifestyle. This has led to a number of ailments that reduces the quality of life. Thus, to improve, we should turn to exercise and physiotherapy as a solution for this immediate problem.
As per the definition, physiotherapy deals with restoring and maintaining functional movement, reducing pain and promoting health in individuals. People who belong to this profession are known as physiotherapists. Following conditions are often treated by said individuals:
- Sports injuries, like ligament tears.
- Spinal pain and injuries, like disc prolapse.
- Fractures, like broken arms or legs.
- Musculoskeletal problems, like carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Post-surgical rehabilitation, following surgeries like a knee replacement.
- Arthritic conditions, like osteoarthritis.
- Neurological disorders and diseases, like stroke.
- Cardiothoracic conditions, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders.
- Paediatric conditions, like cerebral palsy.
It is well known that exercise and physiotherapy is one of the best ways to control many types of body pain and medical issues. A strong and healthy body can even reduce or eliminate the need for many types of medication over time. It can control weight, boost the levels of the ‘good’ HDL cholesterol and prevent metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes.
Physiotherapy works to strengthen and heal the body. The techniques are useful after injury or illness to rebuild weakened tissue. A person with lower back pain or injury can often find relief with the help of physiotherapy.
Benefits of physiotherapy include:
- Healthy body: Diseases such as type 2 Diabetes, heart disease and even depression can be helped with even a moderate level of regular exercise.Physiotherapists have come up with regimes and techniques that help you stay fit as well as healthy by making you work out for a certain period of time on a daily basis. Harvard and Stanford Universities recently finished a review of over 305 studies with nearly 340,000 participants. They found that there was no statistical difference between those who used drugs and those who used medication for such ailments as pre-diabetes and heart disease. For some illnesses, such as stroke, regular exercise was found to be far more effective than medicines.
- Clinical therapy: Orthopaedic cases like fractures and sports injuries are the most commons problems faced by a physiotherapist in a clinical setting. Treatment involves exercises to improve strength, range of motion and endurance and to correct postural and muscle imbalance, joint mobilization, manipulation and soft tissue massage, as well as stretching and trigger point therapy to reduce stiffness and relieve pain.
- Neurological therapy: Patients with neurological disorders such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury can benefit greatly with physiotherapy treatment. Interventions focus on muscle re-education and control, rehabilitation of fine and gross motor skills, improving daily function, regaining strength and flexibility, restoring and improving gait.
- Paediatric therapy: For children suffering from cerebral palsy, physiotherapy is essential in helping to reduce spasticity and deformity and improving postural control.
- Other therapies: Cardiopulmonary conditions respond well to physiotherapy intervention. Patients who have difficulty performing their activities of daily living, or who have shortness of breath and decreased endurance, can achieve markedly improved quality of life through guided exercise and resistance training. Patients suffering from the aftermath of surgeries find great relief in physiotherapy.
Thus, this new magic profession is shining away in its glory, helping people regain their health and confidence much faster than just using pills.