Reading Label of a Daily food item : BREAD

Blog By – Vaishali Khanna – BFY Faculty

Buy the best Bread

 

To be Read 1: Go for 100%

Just “whole wheat” doesn’t cut it. Neither does “made with whole grain,” Look for labels that say “100% whole wheat” or “100% whole grain,” and don’t settle for anything less. If it’s 100% whole wheat, the first ingredient listed in the ingredient label will be whole-wheat flour or 100% whole-wheat flour.

You want whole grains because they’re naturally low in fat and cholesterol free; contain 10% to 15% protein, and offer loads of healthy fiber, resistant starch, minerals, vitamins,antioxidants, phytochemicals, and often, phytoesterogrens (plant estrogens). With all those nutrients in one package, it’s no wonder whole grains provide so many health benefits, including protection from heart diseasestrokediabetesobesity, and some cancers.

 

To be Read 2: Watch the Sodium.

Most bread products come with a dose of sodium, which is added to help control the yeast activity and for flavor. If you eat three servings of whole grain bread a day, and each slice has about 200 milligrams of sodium, that contributes 600 milligrams to your daily sodium total. It may not sound like much, but it represents one-third of your limit if you’re trying to stay within 1,800 milligrams a day.

The good news is that there are plenty of breads with 200 milligrams or less of sodium per slice.

 

To be  Read 3: Serving Size

When comparing bread products, look carefully at the serving size on the label. Some bread slices are much larger than others.

 

Few available bread labels in market :-

To be Read 4. Diet Isn’t Always Better.

There are several brands of bread that are promoted as being lower in calories. They usually have the word “light” in the name or on the packaging. Often, “light” bread means a smaller serving size and a product that is pumped with some extra fiber.

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Release, Delivery, Burning and good timing for FAT LOSS

Blog By-Dr .Rohit Bahuguna – BFY Faculty

What are the right way to maximize fat loss for fat loss to occur, three things need to happen:

Release, Delivery and Burning

  • Fat cells must release This process is lipolysis.
  • Fat has to be delivered to the mitochondria via the bloodstream to be burned off. We’ll call this the delivery
  • Fat burning has to take place. This is lipid oxidation.

The truth is that most of us are not aware all three steps must occur. While lipolysis is the rate limiting factor (must occur for the other steps to take place) – just because fat gets released does not mean it gets burned. Fat can re-circulate and get re-stored.

Lipolysis: Release

Fat release from the cells is the first step required. Exercise is the main precursor for this. If your exercise habits do not match your goals, you could be wasting your valuable time and efforts.  Regardless of which type of exercise : jogging, weight lifting or HIIT, each accomplishes the first step.

 

Yes all three steps happen during your workouts. You shouldn’t care about fat burned during your workout – you care about the fat burned after.

Delivery

Subcutaneous fat is the most difficult fat to remove. For us men – this is our love handles. For most women – it is your hips, butt and thighs. These are our outermost areas of the body which lends them to having the least blood flow. Our visceral fat that is deep in the belly is easy to get rid of because it is next to our blood stream. Fat is easily picked up and taken to get burned off. Since these subcutaneous fat areas are poorly perfused, they are more difficult to achieve fat loss. High intensity, short duration exercise is the best option to create blood flow to these areas.

Lipid Oxidation: Burning

It’s difficult to argue which phase is the most important as they are all required, but this is where we want to reap the benefits of our exercise efforts. There are a lot of hormones involved at this phase that dictate whether fat gets burned or circulated and restored. The fat must make it to the mitochondria (think of these as little energy factories) to get burned. Managing insulin is the single most important thing for fat loss.

Get your Meal Timing right:

Whether you are training for muscle gain or fat loss, meal timing is important. This is where most people get it wrong.

  • If your goal is to increase strength, then protein + carbs before and after your weight training workout are optimal. To make sure you get the most from your workout, you should eat carbohydrates beforehand. Post workout carbohydrates aid in muscle building and recovery.
  • If your goal is fat loss, eating immediately before or after your workout can be detrimental to your efforts.

Let’s look at the three steps for fat loss again: release, delivery and burning.

If you do an interval style workout, you’ve achieved release and delivery and you’re primed for burning. If you eat immediately after this workout, fat burning stops. Your body shifts to burning the energy from your post workout meal, not the fat released during your workout. In this case, some fat released in your workout gets circulated and restored.

The same can be said if you ate a large pre-workout meal before your metabolic workout. Your body will be using the pre-workout carbohydrates as fuel thus making it less likely to use stored body fat as fuel for your workout.

So what is the optimal method for fat burning?

I recommend a metabolic-type workout in a fasted state (no pre-workout meal). Your workout should have a high intensity level and should last no longer than 20-30 minutes. Here comes the most important part of the article. After the workout, keep moving for at least another 30 minutes to continue burning fat released during your workout. This could be walking on a treadmill or a leisure walk outdoors. It is critical you do the low-intensity movement post workout before you eat to ensure maximal fat burning.

To recap: Your training and meal timing should reflect your goals.

  • For muscle building: eat carbs + protein before and after your traditional strength training workout. Don’t over think timing. Have your meals within four hours of your session. An example would be pre-workout meal at 4 pm, gym at 5 pm, post-workout meal at 7:30 pm (all within four hour window).
  • For fat loss: train “fasted” (preferably not have eaten within 4-6 hours pre-workout). Perform a metabolic-type workout (high intensity, short duration). After your workout, get on a stationary bike and read, or take your dog for a walk. Do SOMETHING to keep moving for another >30 minutes before you eat.

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Osteoporosis – Exercise

Blog By- Dr Rohit Bahuguna – BFY Faculty

Exercise can help build strong bones and slow down bone loss & will benefit bones no matter at what age you start.For maximum benefit one should exercise regularly Combine low impact strength training exercises with weight-bearing exercises. Strength training helps strengthen muscles and bones in your arms and upper spine

Weight-bearing exercises — such as walking, jogging, running, stair climbing, skipping rope, skiing and impact-producing sports — mainly affect the bones in your legs, hips and lower spine.

Swimming, cycling and exercising on machines such as elliptical trainers can provide a good cardiovascular workout, but because such exercises has low impact, they’re not as helpful for improving bone health as weight-bearing exercises are.

Exercising regularly in childhood and adolescence can ensure that you will reach peak bone density.

Need to participate in weight bearing exercise. For example, walking, dancing, jogging, stair climbing, racquet sports and hiking.

PREVENTION

  • Do not over do or over stress during exercising.
  • Do not sit in front of computer or TV for longer time
  • Stabilize/support the joints e.g. OA knee while doing exercise
  • Do not hold bad postures during exercises as it may lead to further complications
  • Maintain a proper posture while sitting, standing or doing any activity
  • Do not walk or run on uneven surfaces
  • Do not lift heavy objects
  • Take little breaks while exercising
  • Avoid sudden sit ups or any exercise that bends your back excessively
  • Do not do high impact exercises
  • Avoid twisting activities

STRECHING EXERCISE

  • Triceps stretch

  • Back and shoulder stretch

  • Chest stretch

  • Calf stretch

  • Hams stretch

  • Quards stretch

STRENGTHNING EXERCISE

  • Shoulders

  • Shouder blades strengthening

  • Biceps

  • Triceps

  • Quadriceps

  • Hamstring

  • Hip flexors

  • Hip extensor

  • Hip abductor

  • Pelvic tilt

YOGIC MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS

  • Ardha matsyendrasana

  • Ushtrasana

  • Parvatasana-variation

  • Supta pawanmuktasana

 

  • Supta Udarakarshana

  • Bhujangasana

  • Chaturanga dandasana

  • Tadasana

  • Utkatasana

  • Virabhadrasana-2

  • Ek pada pranamasana

Check on your calcium levels ,do exercises regularly and conquer osteoporosis.

Pre and post workout nutrition

Blog By – Dr.Rohit Bahuguna – BFY Faculty

The PRE and POST workout meals  play a key role in the effectiveness of  workouts.

  • What you eat before (and if needed, during) your workout is crucial for fueling the workout itself and maximizing your performance throughout.
  • What you eat after your workout is crucial for optimizing the recovery process (which basically begins as soon as your workout ends) and ensuring that your body has all of the supplies it needs in order to recover, adapt and improve the way you want it to.

PRE Workout Nutrition

It is the last meal you eat before your workout.

In certain cases and in certain situations, this PRE workout meal may carry over into something of a during-workout meal (only if needed, definitely not required).

For this reason, these meals typically get lumped together into what many people commonly refer as the “Energy Phase” portion of your around-workout-nutrition.

The Purpose Of Your PRE Workout Meal.

It plays the largest role in supplying your body with everything it will need to ensure optimal performance during your workout.

And, in the cases where a during-workout meal is being used (either in place of the PRE workout meal or in conjunction with it), its purpose is exactly the same.

The primary goal of the PRE workout meal is to accomplish the following:

  • Reduce muscle glycogen depletion.
  • Reduce muscle protein breakdown.
  • Reduce post workout cortisol levels.

How To Do It

To make all of the above happen successfully, your body needs 2 things:

  1. Carbs
  2. Protein

What this means is, your biggest goal with your PRE workout meal is to consume a significant amount of both carbs and protein in some form sometime before (or if needed, during) your workout.

Option A: 60-90 minutes pre-workout, have a solid, balanced meal containing…

Protein = 0.25g per pound of your target body weight.
Carbs = 0.25g per pound of your target body weight.

Adding fat at this point is fine, use your discretion as long as it fits into your macronutrient goals. Note that this meal is skipped if you train first thing in the morning.

Option B: 30-0 minutes pre-workout – (and/or sipped throughout the workout), have a liquid or easily digested meal containing…

Protein = 0.25g per pound of your target body weight.
Carbs = 0.25g per pound of your target body weight.

If you were going to train for close to or more than 2 hours continuously, it would definitely benefit you to have this extra pre-workout meal either immediately prior to, or sipped during training. Keep the fats here incidental and not added if you’re prone to gastric distress during training.

My PRE workout meal takes place 1-2 hours before my workout and consists of a normal solid food meal containing a good amount of protein (example foods include chicken, fish, beef, egg whites, etc.), and a good amount of carbs (example foods include brown rice, oatmeal, or any lower glycemic source).

Try to use just protein and carbs coming from normal foods 1-2 hours before working out.

POST Workout Nutrition

Your POST workout meal is the first meal you eat after your workout.

While the PRE (and/or during) workout nutrition phase is commonly referred to as the “Energy Phase,” this POST workout portion of your around-workout-nutrition is commonly referred to as the “Anabolic Phase.”

The Purpose of Post Workout Nutrition

It is also known as “anabolic phase” , as anabolism refers to the “building” (or even “rebuilding”) of something.

It is the meal that plays the largest role in supplying your body with everything it will need to repair, replenish, recover and adapt to the training stimulus that you just provided during your workout.

Specifically, the goal of the POST workout meal is to accomplish the following:

  • Replenish muscle glycogen that was depleted during your workout.
  • Reduce muscle protein breakdown caused by exercise.
  • Increase muscle protein synthesis.
  • Reduce muscle soreness and fatigue.
  • Greatly enhance overall recovery.
  • Reduce cortisol levels.

How To Do It

To make all of the above happen successfully, your body once again needs 2 things:

  1. Carbs
  2. Protein

It is  the same 2 things your body benefits from before your workout are the same 2 things your body benefits from after your workout.

So, your primary goal with your POST workout meal is to consume a significant amount of both carbs and protein in some form soon after your workout.

It should be taken as soon as possible, because, after your workout, your body is absolutely primed and ready to accept protein and carbs so it can immediately begin putting these nutrients to good use doing all of the awesome things you want it to be doing (such as the stuff on that list above). it’s most often recommended to consume your post workout meal as soon after your workout as you can.

This meal should ideally be eaten within the first 60 minutes after your workout. Or better yet, within the first 30 minutes after your workout.So, your biggest goal with your POST workout meal is to consume a nice amount of both protein and carbs sometime within the first 30 minutes after your workout.

Within 30 minutes post-workout, have either a liquid or solid meal containing…

 Protein = 0.25g per pound of your target body weight.
Carbs = 0.25-0.5g per pound of your target body weight.

Amount of fat here doesn’t matter as long as your daily target is hit.

If you want to get the most out of your workouts, despite your chosen mode of exercise—whether it’s a grueling Cross Fit workout, an intense spin class, or a brisk run in the mountains—you must take your pre-exercise and post-exercise nutrition seriously to provide the muscle with the raw materials it needs.

Since all intense forms of exercise use carbohydrates for energy, maintaining adequate carbohydrate stores in muscle makes good sense. Having 1-2 meals under your belt before training will give you more energy and a more effective workout. These meals should contain 30-45 grams of complex carbs for men and 20-30 grams for women. These carbs could consist of vegetables, sweet potatoes, beans, or whole grains, or dark berries.

Protein is vital to health, in particular, your intake around exercise , when protein will help you.

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Benefits of Fruits in our diet

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi

The human body is an intricate system and hundreds of complex reactions take place in it all the time. For smooth functioning of the body, you need an ample amount of nutrients that are supplied by fruits in a natural way. When you become ill or develop any health disorders, these can be avoided or treated with a healthy diet rich in fruits. With a busy lifestyle, our eating habits have become packed with preservatives and processed foods that are not only devoid of essential nutrients but can also cause some harm to the body. Fruits boost your immune system and keep you in perfect health.

Instant Energy Supplier: When you eat fruits, your supply of energy increases in no time; this is one of the prime benefits of fruits that we can utilize in our busy schedules. This is the reason why athletes often eat fruit during and after exercising and why diets for pregnant mothers almost always involve fruits of some kind.

Prevention is Better Than Treating – Nowadays, drug stores have many types of multivitamin tablets that can give supplemental nutrition during critical times. However, it is always advisable to eat the vitamins of fruits in their natural form so that all of the benefits are conferred to you. As is always said, the benefits of fruits can never be outmatched or replaced. Over a 10-20 year time frame, eating fruits regularly can completely change your life and makes a great deal of difference to the health and functioning of your body.

Keeps You Disease Free – The combination of powerful flavonoids, antioxidants, minerals, vitamins, phytochemicals and the countless micro- and macronutrients make fruits very advantageous for your health. The daily consumption of fresh fruits lowers the risk of strokes, high blood pressure, indigestion, cancer, heart disease, diabetes and other chronic diseases. Fruits keep your skin supple, hydrated and nourish it with essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, thereby retaining your radiant skin for a long period of time. In fact, if you are tired of using the commercial anti-pimple creams, just try including fruits like berries, apples, or bananas into your daily diet and see the acne disappear quite quickly. Fruits even ensure healthy hair growth and keep your locks lustrous and soft. Some fruits like bananas contain vital chemicals such as potassium, which helps to prevent strokes, high blood pressure, and anxiety. Fruit consumption basically eliminates vitamin and mineral deficiencies and their associated symptoms. Fruits also have high quantities of water and fiber in them, which helps to keep your digestive tract clean and your weight under control.

Choosing a fitness trainer. Male or Female?

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi

Getting in shape is the goal of many people all over the world. While some of them can do it alone, others need the help of a personal trainer. When you are in the process of choosing a trainer, you may wonder whether it is in your best interest to choose a male or a female. This article will explain why the latter is the best choice.

From A Female Perspective:
Going to the gym is something many women dread, especially after having children. It can be hard to face yourself in the shape you are in, which means it is so much harder to feel comfortable in front of others. Hiring a female personal trainer would make things a bit easier since they may be able to relate. Since the comfort level may be higher, this will increase the chances of you getting the most from your workout. There may be some exercises that will make you feel awkward and you may feel more comfortable discussing this with someone of the same sex.

The female body is not built the same as a man’s, which means that you cannot expect the same exercises to work for both sexes. While there are many male trainers out there that can help you just as much as a female, you may not feel confident enough in this theory to take a chance. The reality is that a female trainer will never second guess herself about the training she is giving you since she most likely employs the same methods as part of her own routine to stay fit. Again. it is important to know that males can be competent in this arena, yet it only makes sense to hire a female for this particular job.

From A Male Perspective:
Have you ever gone to the gym and felt inadequate because all of the men in the room are fit than you are? This is a good reason for you to consider a female personal trainer. While you may think it can affect a man to have a woman whip him into shape, this is a lot better than feeling silently defeated because your body is nowhere near as toned as the one of your male trainer. Yes, females can be just as fit, but there is that part of the male psyche that can accept that easier than the thought of being shown up by another guy.

Going to the gym is something that many guys look forward to, yet there are others that dread the entire idea. Sometimes it is a task to gain enough motivation to get you in the gym and work out. If you have a female personal trainer, you may feel an overwhelming need to impress her. Obviously, this should not be the main reason for hiring a female trainer. You should hire a trainer based on a number of different factors, mostly if there’s a good fit between you and the trainer. Many men find female personal trainers to be a bit less intimidating than their male counterparts, so they can feel free to let her know if they are doing something that is too much for him to handle. When training with another man, it is likely you will end up trying to grin and bear it.
There are several strong arguments that prove that it may be best for you to hire a female personal trainer. If you have any doubts, you can always try a few sessions to see if you like it. While this is not a decision for everyone, many who follow this advice will find that they are much more satisfied with the results.

As mentioned above, the process of hiring a trainer should be done with care – whether you hire a male or female trainer, make sure they have the proper credentials, experience, and qualifications.

Fitness for College Students

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi

College students, especially online college students, have packed schedules. Classes, employment, and family or social obligations quickly fill up your calendar. It seems cruel to add another obligation to the list, but here’s one to consider: exercise. Scientific evidence is piling up that shows regular exercise provides important cognitive benefits that could make your scholarly efforts a little less taxing.
Exercise Stimulates Brain Cell Development
Recent human and animal studies show that regular aerobic exercise has profound effects on the brain. A recent New York Times article, “How Exercise Could Lead To A Better Brain” , describes experiments performed on mice at the University of Illinois. Mice who ran regularly on a wheel had more neurons—brain cells—than those who did not.
Also, mice who ran regularly had more complex connections between neurons, meaning they were able to access their brain cells more flexibly. Finally, the mice who ran regularly did better on cognitive tests, such as completing a maze. There’s evidence that this direct relationship also exists in humans.
Exercise Improves Memory Retention
The hippocampus is a structure in the brain that controls the formation, retention, and recall of memories. In most adults, the hippocampus starts to shrink slightly starting in the late 20s, leading to memory loss over time. Evidence from a 2011 study, recounted in the New York Times article mentioned above, shows that exercise prevents this shrinkage and may even promote regrowth.
A group of senior citizens were randomly assigned to a stretching program or a walking program for a year. After the year was over, the stretching group’s brains were scanned, and their hippocampuses had shrunken according to normal expectations. In the walking group, however, the hippocampus had grown. For college students, the implication is clear: regular exercise could benefit the parts of your brain that help you recall information.
Exercise Increases Focus and Concentration
In 2009, a Canadian school for learning-disabled and ADHD children took part in an experiment that involved having students exercise for 20 minutes on treadmills or exercise bikes before starting their math class. Teachers noted a marked improvement in students’ ability to concentrate, participate, and retain information during the class after they had exercised. Inappropriate behavior also improved in the group that exercised.
Additional experiments of this type, such as those taking place at Naperville Central High near Chicago, IL, suggest that three 20-minute sessions a week is the minimum dose needed to reap the concentration-enhancing benefits of exercise.

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi

5 eating habits to adopt while at work

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Blog by: Sonali Shukla
Editor: Kartikeya Chaturvedi

While being indulgent in your work leaves no time to look over your health, it definitely leads to catastrophic consequences in the course of time. In the fast-moving world where everything is a finger touch away, it is of vital importance to keep yourself healthy to combat with the fast pace. 8 hours of rigorous work schedules and 3-4 hours of sleep takes a toll over your health in the long run. As much as it is difficult to balance, one has to find ways and means to ensure healthy habits to deal with the stress causing and tiring work loads. So what do we do when we are short of time to go to a gym and do workouts? Here are some time-saving, easy hacks one can adopt to stay healthy while at work. Eating is one fundamental and basic habit of every being. In order to keep moving round the clock, you cannot do without eating. Therefore, rather than simply gorging down on junk, treat your famished self with some healthy food.

 

  1. Start the day with a healthy breakfast
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    You may do without eating your dinner or lunch, but skipping on breakfast leads to heavy loss to your health including, de-braining. Eating breakfast improves your productivity at work and pushes you out of your sleepy-energy-conserving mode. A glass of juice, protein shake or chomping down a fruit is a good start to the day.

  2. Eat small-but-frequent meals

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    In order to keep yourself energised and your blood glucose levels constant, it is important to keep up the fuel supply. Eating at regular intervals keeps you consistent and active through the day.

  3. Keep your lunch moderate

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    When at work, it is obvious to get tired and to feel drowsy. Overindulging in our portion sizes causes our productivity levels to dip. Thus, keep your lunch small and compact.

  4. Stay Hydrated
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    As you become dehydrated, the blood starts to thicken causing your heart to pump with difficulty. Hence, drinking plenty of water not only hydrates you but also eases transport of required nutrients throughout the body, keeping you energised.

  5. Eat enough fibre and Omega 3s
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    While fiber helps you digest your meals slowly and steadily, omega 3 is the essential fatty acids found in nuts, oils and fishes. These store carbohydrates as energy and keep your brain cells active, keeping you active and alert at work.

Chalking down these easy habits in your daily schedule not only keep you healthy but also increase your self esteem and reduce your stress levels. Together eating healthy and being productive at work ate your simplest steps towards a prosperous life both at work and home. Start today!

 

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