Syndrome X ( Metabolic Syndrome )

Blog By: Vaishali Khanna


Somewhere or the other must have heard this term”Metabolic Syndrome” but not everyone knows what actually it is.If diagnosed at the right time it can be treated well.

Metabolic Syndrome is also known as Syndrome X,a group of conditions that put you at risk for heart diseases and diabetes.These conditions are:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Sugar Levels
  • High levels of triglycerides,a type of fat in your blood
  • Low levels of HDL,the good cholesterol in your blood
  • Too much fat around your waist


What causes Syndrome X?


Genetics and the environment both play vital roles in the development of the Syndrome X.


Genetic predisposition a family history that includes Type II diabetes,hypertension and early heart disease greatly increases the chance that an indivisual will develop the metabolic syndrome.


Environmental issues such as high carbohydrate diet,low activity level,sedentary lifestyle and progressive weight gain also contribute significantly to the risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome.


How is Syndrome X diagnosed?


Syndrome X can be diagnosed when two or more of its related disorders occur simultaneously:

  • Insulin resistance and Glucose Intolerance:Fasting Glucose above 110mg/dl and post prandial blood glucose of more than 140mg/dl
  • Abdominal Obesity: A waist circumference over 90cm in men and over 80cm in women
  • Abnormal Blood lipids: Elevated total cholesterol(above 240mg/dl) and triglycerides(above 150mg/dl) and low HDL
  • Hypertension: Consistent blood pressure higher than 130/90


Symptoms of Syndrome X?


Unexplained Weakness

Failure to lose weight

Associated fatty liver

Central Obesity

Associated symptoms of diabetes

Associated symptoms of Hypertension


If you’re overweight,chances are that you crave for carbohydrates.This is actually a physiological craving caused by the way your body chemistry over reacts to eating sweets and carbohydrates.If excess glucose remains in circulation,high insulin levels will stimulate fat production and storage.To compound the problem,there is evidence that high insulin levels trigger the hypothalamus to send out hunger signals.

Thus,many cases of obesity are due to imbalance of the hormone insulin.If insulin is not rapidly cleared from the blood stream after a meal,it will cause an individual to feel hungry.


How to treat?

Lifestyle modification is the preferred treatment of metabolic syndrome.Weight reduction usually requires a specifically tailored multifaceted program that includes diet and exercise.A study showed that individuals who are physically active(30 minutes of activity atleast 5 times per week) have half the risk of developing metabolic syndrome than those who are inactive.

syndrome X or the metabolic syndrome is considered as a precursor state to heart disease & diabetes but is completely reversible.
Optimal exercise & nutrition rather than medicine are more effective at reversing it.
Monitoring of BP & abdominal circumference can be done easily & indeed more frequently by trainers & nutritionists.

Want to become a writer at BFY?
send us your resume with a demo article/blog on sports or fitness at

Download our android app
click here
(For non-android users click below)
click here