Starting a Sports Magazine

AS per the current trends in India, sporting industry has proved itself to be one of the most trending topics in India in the past few years. The craze of Indian people regarding various sports has increased manifolds. The newspapers have a particular section regarding sports which itself occupies at least two to three pages of the newspapers. This simply means that apart from watching sports on television, people are interested in reading about it. Moreover, general knowledge section in various examinations consists of questions regarding sports too! This itself proves that Indian sports industry has evolved over time.

What is a Sports Magazine?

A sports magazine is a magazine that is printed weekly, biweekly or monthly and contains information or articles regarding sports. It may also be printed for a specific number of times per year.

 

How to start you own Sports Magazine?

So, as discussed earlier, we know that having your own sports magazine is a great business idea. If you’re planning to star your own sports magazine, here are a few tips that will definitely help you out!

  1. Develop your plan Before starting a sports magazine or write even a single word, you should have a clear business plan. You should be able to define the concept of your magazine; you should know the topics or sports that you’ll cover what all topics in depth; you may go for a sport specific magazine or a general sports magazine. Moreover, you should be well aware of your primary audience, who you’re targeting; you should be to speak to your audience via your magazine, so they may further subscribe it.
    After this, you need to think about how your magazine will get funding. It is always hard to get funding in the initial stages but with time, you’ll definitely get funding. Funding comes from advertisements! Last but not the least; you should decide whether you wish your magazine to be available in online mode, a hard copy or both.
  2. Research Before starting your magazine, you need to put in efforts to view each and every sports magazine being published out there. This is so because if you want your business to thrive, you need to stand out of the queue! You need to know what all stuff is being already covered and in what manner, so you may plan your content to be friendlier, easier and more valuable as compared to other sports magazines out there.
  3. Reach out to people You need to reach out to different people in order to gain some knowledge in the field as well as get to know what the audience really loves. You may reach out to ordinary subscribers of other magazines in order to take their feedback and what all changes do they want, etc. or on the other hand, you may simply reach out to popular sports persons and take their advices, experiences and views.
  4. Build a Team If you wish to create a really successful and large business; you need to have a team with you. Moreover, magazines require a lot of work, which cannot be done single-handedly. So, you need team consisting of:-
    (i). Writers Magazines’ basic requirement is a good content, so you’ll need really good writers. You may keep fixed employees or hire freelancer in order to write for you. In each case, you should make clear to the writers about the kind of content you expect from them.
    (ii). Editor When your content writers submit your content, you need to have a set of eyes to look after the final work and decide whether to publish or not. The head editor ensures the consistence and quality of the articles by reinforcing your editorial standards. The editor also looks after the grammar, tone and reach of the article. If you’ve got a good editor in your team, your final magazine will be polished as well as cohesive.
    (iii). Sales Manager The primary goal of the sales manager is to attract advertisers to advertise in your magazine and pay your for it. Having a person to be in touch with the advertisers will help you build a good relationship with them. Advertisements are a great source of income too, so don’t forget to have a really good sales manager.
    (iv). Marketing Manager Your magazine needs to be marketed too! A marketing manager has the job to advertise your magazine to the fullest and reap results by making your magazine available in the right places.
    (v). Publishing ManagerA publishing manager is the one who takes care of how the magazine has to published, what is the cost per copy, what is the quality of the paper and other regarding the physical appearance of your magazine.
  5. Website (optional) Owning a website is completely optional, if you wish to incorporate soft copies or a few glimpses of each of your magazine online, you need to have a website. Hire a good web designer to create and manage the website.
  6. Fun or knowledge section You may add quizzes in your magazine, whose answers will be published in the next magazine. You may also add ‘do you know’ section in your magazine, where you enrich your readers with general knowledge regarding sports!

 

So, these were the points that you should keep in mind before publishing your first copy, here are a few things to keep in mind after you’ve published your first copy:-

  1. Be attentive towards feedback You should be really open towards the feedback of your readers. You should be open towards constructive feedback as it was your first time, you had your first experience, there are high chances that you made a mistake. Don’t feel awful about the feedbacks if they don’t turn out to be good, work on making other give you a really good feedback the next time.
  2. Keep track of everything You should keep track of what people liked and disliked about your magazine. The things they like, should be kept in the magazine and the ones they disliked, should be worked upon!

References

  1. https://www.wikihow.com/Start-Your-Own-Magazine
  2. https://money.howstuffworks.com/how-to-start-online-magazine.htm
  3. https://www.lucidpress.com/blog/how-to-start-magazine-online
  4. https://smallbusiness.chron.com/starting-small-print-magazine-15879.html
  5. https://smallbusiness.chron.com/start-own-magazine-company-2407.html
  6. https://money.howstuffworks.com/how-to-start-online-magazine.html

BEAN SPROUTS AND VEGGIE WRAP

Ingredients

Whole wheat flour – 1 cup

Oil – for shallow frying

Onion – 1/4 cup chopped in cubes

Capsicum – 1/4 cup, sliced

Red & yellow capsicum – 1/4 cup, sliced

Carrot – 1/4 cup, chopped in cubes

Broccoli florets – 1/2 cup

Bean sprouts – 1 cup

Baby corn – 1/4 cup, sliced & blanched

Garlic – 3-4 cloves

Corn flour – 1 tsp

Black pepper powder – 1 tsp

Chili sauce – 1 tsp

METHOD

Combine flour & salt & knead into smooth dough by adding enough water.

Keep aside for 15 mins.

Knead dough again till smooth & make small balls.

Roll out each ball.

Heat non stick pan & cook each roti lightly from both sides.

Keep aside.

Heat oil in a wok. Add garlic & saute for 5 mins.

Add onions, capsicum, broccoli, bean sprouts , baby corn & saute it for 10 mins.

Add cornflour paste , salt, pepper powder, chili sauce & simmer till sauce thickens.

Place cooked roti on flat surface, place portion of stuffing at one edge, roll it up tightly.

Heat non stick tava, place the roll & cook it from both sides till sides are golden

Serve hot with tomato ketchup.

 

NUTRITION VALUE

Calories 265.4
Total Fat 6.7 g
Saturated Fat 1.8 g
Polyunsaturated Fat 0.5 g
Monounsaturated Fat 0.8 g
Cholesterol 8.6 mg
Sodium 695.6 mg
Potassium 840.0 mg
Total Carbohydrate 46.0 g
Dietary Fiber 10.0 g
Sugars 5.9 g
Protein 10.9 g

NUTRITION FOR WOMEN.

Nutrient Requirements
Energy: It is essential for a young woman to maintain ideal body weight. Many women are under weight or over weight. The intake of energy will depend on the type of activity the woman carries out – sedentary, moderate or heavy.

Energy Requirement of woman (K.Cal/ day)

 

Sex Body wt(kg) Sedentary Moderate Heavy
Woman 55 1900 2230 2850

 

It is generally seen that especially in rural areas, women consume less than what they should. Most often they take up heavy work in the fields. Obesity is not generally seen among these women, but it is important that they get sufficient energy to meet the requirement.

Dietary Fat: All adults should consume no more than 30% of total calories from fat (approximately 60 grams in a 2000 calorie diet) and a maximum of 10% of total calories as saturated fat (about 20 grams). Too much fat in diet can increase the risk for cancer and heart disease. But, remember that “low-fat” labeling does not always point the best food choice. Food products that are advertised as “low-fat” and “fat-free” often contain high amounts of sodium and refined sugar, which are as detrimental to health as fat. Also, some nutrition experts now recommend consuming at least 4 grams of omega-3 fats every day.

Fiber: Increasing fiber in the diet is probably one of the most important things that one can do for the health. A high dietary intake of fiber can lower the cholesterol levels, normalize the blood sugar levels, help to lose weight, and help prevent colon cancer. Nutrition experts recommend a fiber intake of a minimum of 25 grams per day. Many foods contain good amounts of fiber, including green leafy vegetables, cauliflower, cabbage, lentils and brown rice, whole grains.

Calcium: Adequate amount of calcium is necessary for bone health. The active growth phase occurs from birth to approximately 20 years of age. Peak bone mass development occurs between the ages of 12 and 30. The final phase, when resorption exceeds formation begins between age 30 and 40 and continues throughout the remainder of life.

Bone loss is a natural process that cannot be completely prevented. However by developing maximal bone mass during early adulthood they its impact can be arrested. Increased calcium intake and moderate physical activity can help in maximizing bone mass and minimizing bone loss later in life.
The calcium intakes of many individual women are lower than average. Thus they face the risk of osteoporosis at a later age. Therefore it is essential to see that calcium rich foods are taken regularly and some amount of physical activity is also carried out. While the Indian RDA for calcium is 600mg/day for women, many western countries have raised it to 1000 and even 1500 mg/day.

Iron: During early and middle adulthood women are in precarious state with respect to iron sufficiency. Iron losses are high due to menstrual loss whereas iron intake is lower than recommended intake. It is a challenge to obtain sufficient iron and overcome the problem of iron deficiency. Since many women cannot meet their iron requirements from food alone due to lack of awareness of good sources of iron and the methods to enhance its absorption. Therefore it becomes necessary to provide supplements in periods of higher need.
As far as food is concerned, a judicious combination of heme and non heme sources of iron along with iron absorption enhancers will go a long way in meeting the iron needs.

Folic acid: An important vitamin which should be present in adequate quantity in the diets of women of the reproductive age group, is folic acid. Women who plan a pregnancy must have sufficient quantities of folic acid in their pre pregnancy diet. Those who use oral contraceptives have a higher requirement. Physiological stress such as disease also increase the need for folic acid.

Heart-healthy nutrients: High dietary intake of folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 is known to lower blood levels of homocysteine, a by-product of metabolism that can cause damage to artery walls, setting the stage for the development of atherosclerosis. A high blood homocysteine level (called hyperhomocysteinemia) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and low intake of folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 are key risk factors for hyperhomocysteinemia. Excellent sources of folic acid include spinach, broccoli, beets, turnip greens, liver and lentils. Excellent sources of B6 include bell peppers, turnip greens, cauliflower, garlic, tuna, and mustard greens.

Antioxidant nutrients: To help prevent heart disease and cancer, focus on obtaining an abundance of the antioxidant nutrients, including vitamin E, vitamin C and the carotenoids, to protect the cells from free radical damage. Food sources of these nutrients include dark green leafy vegetables and a variety of fruits.

Recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for Indian woman

 

Nutrient Sedentary Moderate Heavy
Energy 
(Kcal/d)
1900 2230 2850
Protein (g/d) 55 55 55
Fat (g/d) 20 25 30
Calcium (mg/d) 600 600 600
Iron (mg/d) 21 21 21
Vit. A .µg/d
Retinol
600 600 600
Thiamine(mg/d) 1.0 1.1 1.4
Riboflavin(mg/d) 1.1 1.3 1.7
Nicotinic acid(mg/d) 12 14 16
Ascorbic
Acid (mg/d)
40 40 40
Folic acid (µg/d) 200 200 200

Sports Goods Manufacturing Business in India

India has seen a steep rise in the field of sports in past few decades. Apart from the most famous sport, cricket, with time, people have started watching as well as giving importance to other sports as well. Football received great attention in the past two decades. A number of youth came forward in support of football and Indian Football Team is doing really well as of now. Moreover, India has started organizing domestic football leagues too, where a number of teams from different states come forward to play. Apart from these, there has been a great growth in the number of viewers of other sports. So, to sum it all up, we can say, sports industry has been rapidly growing in India and will soon reach its peak!

Along with this growth, there comes a great business idea of establishing your own sports goods manufacturing company. It may sound difficult and hard; but it’s worth the struggle. If your company gets recognized well, you may earn millions of rupees.

Indian Industry

India is the largest producer of football and other inflated balls in the market. The Indian Sports Goods manufacturing industry has seen as tremendous growth since 1947. Some products, namely- Cricket bat, ball, football and nets have also gained the popularity all over the world!

United Kingdom is one of the biggest importers of sports good manufactured in India, which is followed by USA, Germany, France and Australia.

Some of the major items exported from India include inflatable balls, hockey sticks and balls, cricket bats and balls, boxing equipment, fishing equipment, indoor games such as- Carrom, Chess boards and some protective items such as- abdominal guard, etc.

The Indian sports good manufacturing industry is divided in many clusters spread across the entire nation. The best three clusters are located in- Meerut, Jalandhar and Kashmir.

Performance in Exporting Sports Goods

According to Sports Good Export Promotion Council (SGEPC) total export value of Indian sports industry is estimated to be about Rs. 586 crores. This shows on year growth rate of 13%, which is really good! The top five performers which constituted for more than 60% of the total export value are hammocks, inflatable balls, boxing equipment, cricket bats and general exercising equipment.

This performance was really great and is bound to improve in near future. The quality of goods manufactured in India is really great, whose proof can be seen if we look at the performance in exporting Sports Goods manufactured in India. This itself makes the market of manufacturing sports goods really a great business option in India.

Prerequisites of establishing a Sports Goods Manufacturing Company

  1. Business Plan The first and foremost requirement to establish a company in any sector is to have a proper business plan and a vision. You should have a clear idea about the steps you’ll follow in order to make your business successful.
    You need to be clear about the sporting equipment your company will focus on. For this, you will need to scan the market thoroughly, you’ll have to look at the sports and athletic events requiring equipment which are in great demand and are bound to have a great fan base in the near future. Apart from these, you need to look at the international scenario too. You need to look at the sports that are gaining popularity on an international level and are played or watched by all! Then, you need to find the appropriate place to get your goods manufactured and exported.
  2. Investment You need to put in a lot of investment in order to set up sports goods manufacturing company. Though the investment is large, the growth and the amount of profit that will be earned will easily surpass all the difficulties and hardships you had to face! If you cannot afford to invest this huge amount all by yourself, you can look up for a partner or maybe investors. Whatever option you choose, you need to stick to it throughout.
  3. Setting up a FactoryYou need to set up a factory in an industrial area too! You need to hire labors to work in the factory too.
  4. Sourcing Finding appropriate material at the cheapest rate without compromising on the quality is another important aspect which requires you to invest a lot of time and dedication. Once you find the appropriate source of raw materials, you can easily start manufacturing your goods.
  5. Pricing Pricing your brand at a reasonable price initially will give a boost to your business. This is so because you will have to compete against top brands all around the globe such as- Nike, Puma, Adidas, Reebok, etc. So, a moderate price for a really great sport equipment is a deal that no sportsperson will miss.
  6. Marketing and Sales In order to stand against the well-established giants in the industry, you need to advertise your products to great extent. You will have to pay athletes to promote your brand, use you brand’s equipment. Apart from this, you need to hire athletes and famous sportspersons to advertise your brand, you will have to put up a proper commercial on the national television initially, when the odds are in your favor, you can step into the international market too!
  7. Contacting Sports Equipment StoresThis is another essential part, you need to contact various sports equipment stores, which will buy the goods from you and sell them to the customers. You need to provide these stores with great offers and a good profit margin if you really want to expand your business.

So, these were all the prerequisites you need before opening a sports goods manufacturing business. Apart from these, you will need a few permissions from the Government too. The basic formalities are as follows (You need to complete specific formalities too):-

  1. Setup a legal entity – Firm/LLP./Pvt. Ltd.
  2. VAT/CST Registration from the State government.
  3. Shop act license for your factory.
  4. Excise Registration.
  5. Service Tax Registration.

 

References

  1. https://www.quora.com/What-permission-and-licenses-required-for-producing-jeans
  2. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/miscellaneous/meeruts-sports-goods-industry-turns-its-focus-on-athletics-other-niche-areas/articleshow/65734957.cms
  3. https://www.ukessays.com/essays/marketing/analysis-of-the-sports-goods-industry-of-india-marketing-essay.php
  4. https://www.sportskeeda.com/sports/funding-india-s-sports-transformation

Sports Camp Organizer

We all are evident of the rapid growth of sports industry in India. Nowadays, parents have become more accepting and let children pursue their career in the field of sports. Moreover, the parents are ready to provide their children with good coaching in the sport, though not many of them like the idea of sending their kids daily to training Centers but sports camps are a big yes from the Indian parents.
The sports camps are not limited to only children but also other people, a number of local athletes and college students actively take part in it

What are Sports Camps?

Sports Camps are basically sports training classes being held for a particular period of time in a defined area. Sports camps charge you for the time they will provide you with the facilities they have to offer. The people enrolled in the sports camp are usually taught by a famous coach or an athlete of that sport. One may also see that a sports camp may have a number of sports; each supervised by a coach or athlete of that sport and has different timings for different sports. The sports camps are generally held in a school playground and during the summer or winter vacations; they may also be held during the vacations after the final examinations.

How to be a Sports Camp Organizer?

It is pretty simple to become a sports camp organizer. You just need to finalize a deal between a coach or athlete and a school playground or wherever you want to organize the camp. It is much simpler if you yourself own a sports academy or are a coach or athlete who takes classes. This is so because if you wish to organize a camp, you will not have to pay only to the school. So, basically, all it requires is ‘connections’.
Apart from this, the business is not the only one to depend on as it is seasonal; you need to have this as your side-business!

 

How to carry it out?

Well, carrying a sports camp successfully is a task that requires you to put in hard work and dedication. You cannot back off in the middle of the sports camp. If you have signed for it, you will have to complete it.

Here are some of the basic things that you should keep a check on if you’re into this business:-

  1. Always have help Two or even three people are always better and more effective than one! Always try to recruit people in the business with you, there are a number of things to be checked and taken care of, if you’re alone, it’ll be a really tough job. Moreover, if you can have help from an experienced coach or athlete in the sport, it will add wings to your camp.
    Apart from having help in the managerial department, if you have a big number of enrolments for the camp, you need to increase the number of coaches too!
  2. Secure a location This is the toughest part. You need to look all around the city for a place where the craze of the sport is great, is a developed area, is accessible and last but not the least; is available for the sports camp. Usually, the famous schools of the city are a great area to conduct sports camps.
  3. Create a Budget You need to create a budget for your sports camp and invest accordingly. You really want to earn profit and not lose your money. Never extend your limits beyond your sources!
  4. Secure Donations Asking for donations can also help you financially in setting up the camp and conducting it. Moreover, it’ll cut short your investment, thus you will be able to see a hike in your profit margin! Sports related or community related businesses are best to ask donations from. The local sports store and training arena may also donate you some money in exchange for advertisement.
  5. Set price and age limits You need to set price for the camp and the age limit. If you don’t wish to set the age limit, you may simply make numerous batches each containing people between a specific age ranges, as is directed by the coach you’re hiring. Setting the price for the sports camp is also a really important task. You need to set it in such a manner that the camp is affordable and you get a good amount of profit.
  6. Hire a famous coach or a successful role model You need to hire a coach in case you aren’t one. You may also hire a number of coaches if you expect a large number of registrations. You may also hire some really famous athletes or local athletes as coaches too; this way you’ll have to pay them much lesser as compared to a professional coach. On the other hand, if you are not sure, you may hire just one really good coach and if the number of enrolments is great, you may go to add one more coach to the camp.
  7. Take up registrationsYou need to advertise your camp. The school usually help you advertise the camp within their campus, if you wish some extra, you may distribute pamphlets about the camp, create social pages on social media, etc. where people can connect to you, get the details and enroll easily.
  8. Connect with your clients and feedback This is of uttermost importance in this business. You need to connect with your clients on a personal level. This is so because these are the ones interested in sports camps and those sports, if you’re a coach or have a sports academy, you may simply offer them some discount and ask them to join you; else you may simply connect to them when you organize your next sports camp. This will help you grow as a sports camp organizer. Feedback is the most important part, if you want to be successful. You need to ask your clients about their experience, what changes would they like and what other expectations do they have.

 

References

  1. https://www.signupgenius.com/sports/tips-for-running-sports-camp-or-clinic.cfm
  2. https://www.jotform.com/how-to-start-a-summer-camp/
  3. https://www.acacamps.org/resource-library/camping-magazine/tips-running-better-summer-camp-business
  4. https://www.acacamps.org/resource-library/camping-magazine/fresh-tips-running-better-summer-camp-business-sales-marketing
  5. https://www.entrepreneur.com/businessideas/sports-camps

OATS PANCAKE

Ingredients

Oats(powdered)- 1 tbsp

Semolina -2 tbsp

Curd- 1 tbsp

 

Onion-1 small , finely chopped

Carrot-1 small, grated

Green chilies – 2 no.s, finely chopped

Fresh coriander – 2-3 springs, finely chopped

Salt to taste

Oil – 1 tsp

Water

Directions

1.Add the powdered oat, semolina,yogurt,salt,water to a bowl with using enough water. Batter should be in a pouring consistency.

2.Add onion, carrot, green chili & coriander in a batter. Mix well.

3.Heat the non stick tava with little bit of oil.Spread the batter over it & let it cook from both sides.

4.serve hot with green chutney.

NUTRITION

ENERGY – 210 Kcal

PROTEINS – 3 gms

DIET CHART

Description –  high carb

CALORIES   – 1937

PRO-185G

CARB-117G

FAT-81G

diet chart

Time Foods Servings Nutrient
Early morning Skim milk 200 ml  
  Walnuts 25 gram  
  Whey 2 tsp  
      Carbs- 10 g, protein-30g,

Fats – 15g

Breakfast Plain curd ½ cup  
  Apple 1  
  Flax seeds 1 tsp  
  Raisins 1 tsp  
  Almonds 5  
  Cinnamon 2 g  
      Pro-30g           |            Carb-15g            |            Fat-15g
Lunch Soy chunks 40 g  
  Coconut oil 1 tsp  
  Non fat yogurt 1 cup  
  Veggies 1 cup  
      Pro-20g           |            Carb-30g            |            Fat-10g
Snacks Paneer 100 g  
  Kidney beans ¼ cup  
  Onion and tomato 2 tsp  
  Ketchup 1 tsp  
      Pro-22g           |            Carb-10g            |            Fat-15g
Dinner Yellow lentil 1 cup  
  Coconut oil 2 tsp  
  Sweet potato 120 gm  
  Broccoli 50 gm  
      Pro-18g           |            Carb-45g            |            Fat-13g
After dinmer Almond milk 240 ml  
  Cashews 20 g  
      Pro-30g           |            Carb-7g            |            Fat-13g

ORGANIC FOODS

Organic food is not the other type of food, it is basically the practice of growing food with the organic methods. It is being said that preparing foods from scratch are fresh and healthy to eat, but what if raw food is contaminated by pesticides, infecticides and fungicides and other chemicals like growth promoters and therefore there consumption is harmful and taking this into concern organic farming was introduced in which all natural means are use to grow crops and no use of chemicals and therefore are healthiest to consume it

 

Benefits of consuming organic foods

  • More nutrient denser
  • It tastes better
  • Safe from chemicals
  • Gives peace of mind when consuming a organic food
  • Improve antioxidant content in food
  • Prevent food borne illness
  • Lower levels of toxix metals

 

Harmful effects of pesticides

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headaches
  • Skin
  • Eye problem
  • Cancer
  • Reproductive health

DIET CHART (high carb low fat)

Description – A low-fat, high-carb diet can only help you lose weight! We are meant to eat whole, nature-made foods, of which are composed of high carbs and little fat. If you focus on consuming foods that are not processed and refined, carbs will be your best friend in your weight loss efforts. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes are the healthiest options available for your body and they are primarily made up of carbohydrates. It is time to let go of the carbophobia that so many people have embraced and to realize the gorgeous health benefits associated with these foods, including the abundant offerings of phytonutrients, antioxidants, fibers, vitamins, minerals, and water that these foods offer.

Meals Food Quantity
Breakfast Egg whites 6
  Oat 1 cup
  Apple 1/2
  Walnuts 25 gram
  Calories Protein – 30 gm/carbs-62 gm/fats-15 gm
     
Mid morning Cereals 1 cup
  Milk ½ cup
  Apple 1/2
  Peanut 15 gram
  Cinnamon 2 gm
  Calories Protein-30/carbs-50/fats-15
     
Lunch Chicken 120 gm
  Brown rice 1 cup
  Orange 1
  Calories Pro-‐25g  |  Carb-‐63g  |  Fat-‐10g
     
Snacks  Egg  White 6
  Oats ½ cup
  Banana 1
  Peanuts 25 gm
  Calories Pro-‐30g  |  Carb-‐62g  |  Fat-‐15g
     
Dinner Tuna 120 gm
  White potato 250 gm
  Cauliflower 50 gns
  Coconut oil 1 tsp
  Calories Pro-‐25g  |  Carb-‐62g  |  Fat-‐15g
     
After dinner Almond milk 250 ml
  Almonds 20 gm
  Calories Pro-‐25g  |  Carb-‐7g  |  Fat-‐13g
     
Total calories CALORIES  -‐  2710 PRO-‐200G  CARB-‐302G  FAT-‐78G