Blog By : Riya Rathore

Ageing changes in the female reproductive system result mainly from changing hormone levels. One clear sign of aging occurs when your menstrual periods stop permanently. This is known as menopause. the time before menopause is called perimenopause. It may begin several years before your last menstrual period. Signs of perimenopause include: More frequent periods at first,  and then occasional missed periods Periods that are longer or shorter Changes in the amount of menstrual flow Eventually your periods will become much less frequent, until they stop completely. Along with changes in your periods, physical changes in your reproductive tract occur as well.

Menopause is a normal part of a woman’s aging process. Most women experience menopause around age 50, though it can occur before that age. The usual age range is 45 to 55. The ovaries stop making the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ovaries also stop releasing eggs After menopause, you can no longer become pregnant. Your menstrual periods stop. You know you have gone through menopause after you have had no periods for 1 year. You should continue to use a birth control method until you have gone a whole year without a period. Any bleeding that occurs more than 1 year after your last period is not normal and should be checked by your health care provider. Hormones! From PMS to menopause, these messengers of womanhood can affect your mood, your weight, your food cravings – even your desire for sex. For many women, it’s smooth sailing, but for others, it’s a shipwreck at every turn of the hormonal bend. “Women can be, and many are, greatly affected by hormone fluctuations. Sometimes it gets to the point of feeling totally overwhelmed – as if for a time they have lost control of their life,” says Christiane Northrup, MD, author of The Wisdom of Menopause and Women’s Bodies Women’s Wisdom. Dieting, stress, anxiety, depression – even exercise -are all among the factors that can create a hormonal tailspin. So there are plenty of opportunities for things to go awry. At the same time, Northrup tells WebMD, there are many opportunities to change the way you feel. “Sometimes, even the smallest changes can make a huge difference,” To help you escape from your chamber of “hormone horrors,” WebMD asked Northrup and other top women’s health experts for advice on how to cope with hormones – from menstruation through menopause and beyond.

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