DIET CHART

Age group :- 65+ years

Description:- during this age the body digestion process slows down and break down of food becomes difficult and food remains undigested. So food for old age people should include diet which makes the food easily digestible. The fat intake should be reduced so as to prevent increase in cholestrol  as physcial work is less carried out. Healthy fats should be taken as it increases solubility of vitamin A, D, E and K. So as to prevent deficiency. Fruits and vegetables should be consumed to prevent deficiency of micronutrients. Most importantly calcium is required to maintain bone density and oral health. Carbohydrate intake should be moderate to meet the energy requirements only amd protein consumption should be increases so as to make new cells

 

Calorie requirements

  • Male- 2000 calories
  • Female- 1600 calories

 

Meal time Foods Quantity Calories  
Breakfast Egg whites 4 In no. 16  
  Porrige 100 gm 50  
  Skim milk 1 cup 83  
Mid morning Fruit salad (banana, kiwi, apple, papaya) 100 gm 50  
  Dry fruits 1 bowl 150  
Lunch Chapati 4 in no. 200  
  Dal 30 gms 104  
  Rice 1 bowl 204  
  Curd 1 bowl 113  
Evening Oats soup 1 bowl 100  
  Carrot +beetroot juice 1 glass 62  
Dinner Chapati 4 in no. 200  
  Paneer 100 gms 265  
  Vegetable soup 1 bowl 159  
Bed time Skim  milk 250ml 83  
    Total 1839  

Nutrition Centre in India

Fitness and healthy lifestyle is a growing trend in India. With time, the craze as well as the number of people in the fitness industry is increasing exponentially. Moreover, people have become more image conscious and thus they want to be fit. Considering the Bollywood’s impact, people wish for a muscular, conditioned and toned physique. Apart from this, people want a physique with much more athletic attributes, such as- increased stamina, endurance and core strength. Further, a survey conducted found that a person who was indulged in fitness is happier; this itself speaks why fitness is growing in India.

Now, moving on to the fitness industry, we cannot simply ignore the role played by the person’s diet. Diet is an integral part of fitness industry. We all are aware of the fact that without proper diet, one cannot achieve fitness no matter for how long they have been into fitness. With proper nutrition, one can reach great heights of fitness in a short span of time. Here, comes the importance of a Nutrition Centre in India. So, the first question that arises in the mind of people is-“What is a Nutrition Centre?

What is a Nutrition Centre?

A Nutrition Centre is a nutrition hub for people who love fitness. It is a place where all the nutrition related queries as well as needs of individuals are fulfilled. Generally, a Nutrition Centre has proper dieticians for consultation and nutrition planning; it also has a cafeteria where people can get healthy as well as tasty food quickly and according to their nutritional requirements.

That being said, we can clearly see the large scope that a Nutrition Centre has in India. This business is quite profitable as the number of people in the industry is increasing while the stress and work pressure in the lifestyle of people is also increasing. Due to this, people want a much convenient source of diet and nutrition planning.

Requirements for Opening a Nutrition Centre

  1. Proper Location The location you pick for you Nutrition Centre should be really close to some big gym chain, one that is quite expensive and in a posh area; this will directly attract a large number of clients. Location of a store plays a vital role in the profit made by the store. Your store should be easily accessible; it must also be spacious in order to accommodate large number of people simultaneously.
  2. Taste In modern era, everyone wants to be fit but no one wants to compromise with taste of the food. You need to have a really talented chef who can cook healthy food without compromising much on the taste. Apart from this, you should use healthy products for your recipes, such as- Olive oil, good quality spices, etc. There should be a variety of options available for every person, i.e., both vegetarian and non-vegetarian menus should be enriched with great nutritional values as well as taste!
  3. Nutritional Value This is another point you should focus on, you should have a proper chart of nutritional value of each and every food item you serve. This nutritional information chart should contain all the essential information regarding the nutritional value, such as- fat, protein, carbohydrates, etc. There should be variety of food with great nutritional value if you really want to succeed in the field.
  4. Dietician You need to hire a proper, well-certified dietician who can guide the clients really well according to their needs, workout and eating habits. You should try to hire a dietician who has great knowledge and experience in the field. The dietician should focus on the food available in your Nutrition Centre and guide the clients accordingly. It is not necessary for the clients to have food in your Nutrition Centre’s cafeteria; but when they see all the exciting offer put forth by you, your efforts to maximize the taste in healthy food, they are bound to be attracted.
  5. Business Strategies You should always provide offers to your regular clients, they should get some benefit; this not only keeps them with you but also attracts other clients to be your regular ones too! You may simply ask for your clients diet chart and provide the food accordingly as in a diet package with a heavy discount as compared to when he doesn’t get a package. Apart from this, clients who get the diet chart from your dietician may get some additional discount on diet chart’s preparation. Moreover, you can also open a delivery system, where you deliver your client’s meals to their homes or offices and charge them a little above the package for the delivery system. This would simply add convenience to their lifestyle, which is their ultimate goal!
    Apart from this, if you open a Nutrition Centre near a big gym chain, you can advertise yourself by providing the members of that gym with a special discount! You may also distribute a discount coupon to each and every member of that gym, so that they may visit your Nutrition Centre at least once, and if they feel it to be good enough, they may become your customers!
  6. Investment You need to put in a healthy amount of investment in this business. It requires you to have a really good and experienced dietician as well as chef, or a group of both! Apart from this, you need to buy a land in a commercial area and have a really good infrastructure. Moreover, you need to advertise your place; you need to put up posters, create pages on various social media, create a website for online orders too (optional), distribute pamphlets and discount coupons, etc.

How to Establish a Nutrition Centre in India

There are certain licenses which you need to obtain before getting into the business, these are as follows:-

  1. FSSAI License This is one of the most important licenses in order to open a food restaurant in India. This license confirms your customers that they are at a place which follows all the safety standards.
  2. Health/Trade License This license ensure that supreme care must be taken of the health of the customers. These are provided by local civil authorities such as State’s Municipal Corporation or Health Department.
  3. Eating House License This license is provided by the Licensing Police Commissioner of the city in which you desire to open your restaurant.
  4. Shop and Establishment Act Your shop must be registered under this act in order to run a food business. This license is city specific.
  5. GST Registration This needs to be taken care of. All the services and food that you provide have some GST on them that goes to Government and for applying this tax to your final bill and to run your business seamlessly, you need to get a GST Registration.

 

References

  1. https://www.posist.com/restaurant-times/resources/complete-guide-opening-restaurant.html

2.  https://www.posist.com/restaurant-times/resources/licenses-required-to-open-a-restaurant.html

CHICKPEA SALAD

Ingredients

 · Boiled chickpeas- 1 cup

 · Boiled and cubed potato- 1 big

· Cubed apple- 1 no.

· Chopped mint- 1 tbsp

 · Chopped coriander- 2 tbsp

 · Toasted flaxseeds- 1 tsp For dressing-

 · Lemon juice- 2 tsp

 · Honey- 1 tsp

 · Chat masala, rock salt to taste

 Method

1. You can toss apple cubes in lemon juice to prevent it from discoloring.

 2. Make the dressing. And keep it aside.

3. Combine everything together. Sprinkle flaxseeds at the end and serve.

NUTRITION

 

Calories 729
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 12 g 18%
Saturated fat 1.3 g 6%
Polyunsaturated fat 5 g
Monounsaturated fat 2.7 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 48 mg 2%
Potassium 1750 mg 50%
Total Carbohydrate 121 g 40%
Dietary fiber 35 g 140%
Sugar 21 g
Protein 39 g

Athletic Training Arenas

Though India has been really poor in athletics and sports; the time has changed in 21st Century. Indian athletes had done exceptionally well in this year’s Commonwealth Games 2018 in Gold Coast, Australia. Indian athletes bagged 26 gold, 20 silver and 20 bronze medals; with this India surpassed its medal tally back in Commonwealth Games 2014 at Glasgow. This record is more than enough to throw light on the steep growth in performance of Indian athletes. Yet, if we look toward the Olympics, we’ve got a long way to go; but with good facilities, proper guidance and training, our athletes can do really well at the Olympics too!

What are Athletic Training Arenas?

Athletic training arenas mean a place dedicated towards the training of various athletes. These places have all the facilities that help in the growth of an individual athlete. Apart from this, these arenas may also have various trainers and coaches in order to help the athletes nurture their talent! These arenas can be used by many athletes simultaneously even if their sport differs; the only requirement is basic area for practicing with facilities as are needed by the athletes for the sport.

Options Available

If you’re planning to go for an athletic arena business, you should look thoroughly at options at your disposal. Some of the options available are:-

  1. Stadium This is a place or an open ground with boundaries where various athletes can come and practice their sport in order to nurture their talent. On may also hire coaches and trainers who track their performance and design training plans and sessions accordingly.
    The basic requirement of a stadium is a large area of land and a good infrastructure. Apart from this, another critical element is the services provided to the athletes, i.e., proper racing tracks, triple jump, long jump areas, etc.
    Apart from this, you need to decide for yourself whether you want a stadium that meets international standards or is just for practicing and local events.
    A stadium that meets international standards needs a humongous piece of land as well. The one that needs international standards should have different areas for each athletic event and each of them should be provided with good space so as to conduct the events in an organized manner. This not only requires you invest way too much but also can generate great revenue. You have a fixed income as you will definitely allow the athletes to practice in return of some fees, apart from this, the international events, if organized, will pay you a really handsome amount of money.
    If you wish to own a stadium that meets the standards suitable only for practicing and enhancing the skills of athletes, you can afford to go for investing a little less. No matter what, the services and equipment to be provided to the athletes need to be of international standard. The revenue generated is fixed.
  2. Indoor Arenas These arenas are only for training purposes. They don’t organize any kind of event or competitions whether local or international. These arenas apart from providing facilities in shade, i.e., indoors, also provide with additional services such as a mini gym and cardio vascular machines in order to enhance the fitness of athletes too. This helps them to perform well in their athletic events too. These arenas charge a little more than the usual stadium as they are more concerned with the lavishness of the athletes too!

Setting Up a Business

There are a number of steps required to set up the business in this field. This requires a lot of research and hard work. So, here’s a guide to help you sort out things:-

  1. Business Plan The first and foremost thing you should have before stepping into a business is a business plan. This is the most crucial element of a business. Having a business plan states how you will proceed step by step with your business and what exactly are your requirements, a rough approximation of the investment required.
  2. Securing Finances Setting up such a huge business is a Herculean task and the most critical element is the amount of finance you can secure. Currently, the Government of India gives you some sort of support if you are willing to bring about making a difference in the field of athletics and sports by offering services to the athletes. Apart from this, you can also get a loan as well as get someone to provide you with the required investment. Another option is to have a business partner; this option is a bit risky if you’re not an extrovert who can draw a fine line between personal life and professional life!
  3. Location Location plays a crucial role in determining the success of your athletic training arena. If you’re going for international arena, then you should prefer a more accessible and posh area. In the other cases, you can simple go for a location near to a residential area. Nowadays, people are clubbing their athletic training arenas with various famous sports store; here athletes and other random people can practice by paying daily or having a membership. This option is also getting famous with time!
  4. Official Documents there is a set of guidelines that need to be followed by the owner, which you can easily get by visiting the official site of Sports Authority of India. This site can also help you with the documents that you need to get registered and start the business.
  5. Hiring You need to hire professional coaches and trainers who themselves are or were involved in the sport they are going to monitor. A good coach can bring out the best out of even the worst of athletes!
  6. Advertisement After setting up a proper athletic arena, you need to advertise it so that people come to know about your business. You need to distribute pamphlets and print you advertisement in the local newspaper. Once you get a handful of athletes, you can easily get more and more athletes to join via their connections.

References

  1. http://www.indianathletics.in/
  2. https://www.jaagore.com/pre-activism/issues/sports/changing-scenario-culture-sports-india-conversation-deepthi-bopaiah
  3. https://www.athletesarena.com/programs/sports-performance/
  4. https://www.athletesarena.com/
  5. https://www.csstrucoach.in/high_performance.html

 

BODY DETOXIFICATION : ARE YOU CLEANING YOUR BODY ?

When we breathe,we eat,we drink water we accumulate toxins in our body,these toxins get reomoved through urinary track and through defecation ,but some toxin still manage to remain in our body and can make our body prone to several acute and chronic diseases ,if not removed they can cause trouble in our liver ,gut,skin and kidneys,so there is need to detoxify the body,so a process of removal of toxin is followed which is known as detoxification

Detoxification is the cleaning of blood through diet changes which nourshes the body amd brings organs to rest by removing the stress of removal of waste

SOURCES OF BODY TOXIFICATION

  • Air pollutants
  • Smoking
  • Food
  • Alcohol
  • Pesticides
  • Chemicals in water

FOODS FOR BODY DETOXIFICATION

  • High fiber foods:- these include oats ,whole wheats,fruits and vegetables .Fiber in foods promote easy assimilation of food and removes toxins from gut
  • Drink water :- water is the carrier in our body ,it carries nutrients and toxins.So it will help flushing toxins from our body
  • Fruits and vegetables:-they are rich in phytochemicals and antioxidants ,which aids in removal of toxins ,apple contains 700 phytochemicals ,so that’s why it is said that “An apple a day keeps doctor away”

HOW A DETOX PROGRAM WORKS

  1. Resting of organs through fasting
  2. stimulating liver to drive toxins from body
  3. promoting elimination through intestine
  4. improving circulation of blood
  5. refueling body through healthy nutrients

A HOUSEOLD METHOD TO DETOX BODY EVERYDAY

  • Drink hot lemon water
  • Fruit juice
  • Green tea
  • Apple vinegar cider e
  • Eat clean
  • Sweat (running and exercise)
  • Scraping tongue

Balanced Diet

A balanced diet may be defined as one which contains the various groups of food stuffs such as energy yielding foods, body building foods and protective foods in the correct proportions so that an individual is assured of obtaining the minimum requirements of all nutrients.

·         The components of a balanced diet will differ according to age, sex, physical activity, economic status and the physiological state viz., pregnancy, lactation etc.,

·         In addition a balanced diet should also provide biochemical compounds such as dietary fiber, antioxidants and nutraceuticals which have positive health benefits.

·         A balanced diet should provide around 60-70% of total calories from carbohydrates, 10-15% from protein and 20-25% of total calories from fat.

·         Balanced diets at high cost: such diets will include liberal amounts of protective and protein-rich foods such as milk, eggs, meat, fish, fruits and moderate quantities of cereals, pulses, nuts and fats.

·         Balanced diets at moderate cost: These diets will include moderate amounts of protective and protein-rich foods such as milk, eggs, meat, fish, fruits and fats and liberal amounts cereal, pulses, nuts and green leafy vegetables.

·         Balanced diets at low cost: These diets will include minimal amounts of protective and protein-rich foods such as milk, eggs, meat, fish fruits, nuts and fats and liberal amounts of cereals, pulses and green leafy vegetables.

·         ill- Balanced diets: A diet is considered to be ill-balanced diet if it is deficient in caloriesproteins, essential vitamins and minerals as it is lacking in protein-rich and protective foods.

Basic Food Groups
Food may be broadly classified into 11 groups based on their nutritive value:

·         Cereals and Millets

·         Pulses (Legumes)

·         Nuts and Oil Seeds

·         Vegetables

·         Fruits

·         Milk and Milk Products

·         Eggs

·         Meat, Fish and other animal foods.

·         Fats and oils,

·         Sugar and other carbohydrate foods

·         Spices and condiments.

 

Nutritional classification of foods
The different groups of foods may be broadly classified under three heads from the nutritional point of view.

·         Energy Yielding Foods
This group includes foods rich in carbohydrates and fats and also pure fats and carbohydrates. Cereals, roots and tubers, dry fruits sugar and fats are the important energy yielding foods. Cereals, however, provide in addition to energy the greater part of the proteins, certainminerals and vitamins in the diets of the low income groups in developing countries.
·         Body Building Foods
Foods rich in proteins are called body building foods. This may be broadly divided in to two groups.

1.       Milk, Egg, Meat and Fish rich in proteins of high biological value and

2.                   Pulses, Oil Seeds and Nuts and low-fat oilseed flours rich in proteins of medium nutritive value.

1.                  Protective Foods
Foods rich in proteinsvitaminsand minerals are termed protective foods. Protective foods are broadly classified in to two groups.

1.                   Foods rich in vitamins,minerals and proteins of high biological value.
E.g. Milk, eggs, fish and liver and

2.                   Foods rich in certainvitamins and minerals only.
E.g. Green leafy and other vegetables and some fruit

 

Five Food Group Plan
The Nutrition Expert Group of Indian Council of Medical Research, India suggested a five group plan and the nutrients supplied by each food group are given in table.

Table. Five Food Groups and nutrients in them (Nutrition Expert Group, I.C.M.R.)

S.No. Food Group Nutrients Contributed
1. Cereals, roots and tubers
Rice, wheat, maize, ragi, sorghum, pearl millet etc., potato, tapioca, sweet potato etc.,
Rich sources of starch-fair to good sources of proteins and certain B-vitamins.
2. Milk group
This includes other protein-rich foods such as pulses, nuts, meat, fish, eggs etc.,
Rich sources of proteinsminerals and vitamins.
3. Fruits and green leafy vegetables
Papaya, orange, mango, Indian gooseberry, guava etc., and all green leafy vegetables.
Rich sources of certain vitamins and minerals.
4. Other Vegetables
Beans, brinjal, ladies finger etc.,
Fair sources of certain vitaminsminerals and roughage.
5. Fats and Oils and pure carbohydrate foods
Vegetable oils, animal fats, sugar, jaggery, honey, sago, custard powder, starch etc.,
Rich sources of energy. Vegetable oils are fair to good source ofessential fatty acids and vitamin-E. Butter is a good source of vitamin-A. Animal fats are rich in cholesterol but are poorsources of EFA and vitamin – E.

 

The five food group system can be used by health professionals for the following purposes:

·         Tool for nutritional assessment and screening: A brief dietary history system can disclose inadequacies of nutrients from any of the above group. The information can be the first clue for the possibility that the subject may be at risk of developing nutritional deficiency.

·         Tool for nutritional counseling: The dietary history based on the five food group system allows a health team to counsel or teach a patient about nutrition.

·         Explaining therapeutic diets to the patient: Therapeutic diets are scientifically based on nutrient composition and groups which can be used in menu planning.

·         Food labeling and surveillance system: Food groups can be used for food labeling and for nutrition surveillance system.

ARTIFICIAL COLOURS used in foods

When food is processed in food industry it is processed under extreme under high temperatures and because of which food loses its natural colour and it becomes unacceptable by consumer and consumer will not buy it so they make the use artificial colours in food so as to make it acceptable for consumer and hence create health problems in our body over a long period of time if consumed regularly. But here the problem is that we consumers ourselves are responsible for this action taken by food manufacturers for adding colours to the food, because we people consider food which shines from outside is considered to be healthy

 

Artifical colours are those which are prepared using chemicals coal tars in laboratory and are regulated by govt. For there use in food products. And they are termed as dyes,below are the some dyes.

  • Red No. 3 (Erythrosine):A cherry-red coloring commonly used in candy, popsicles and cake-decorating gels.
  • Red No. 40 (Allura Red):A dark red dye that is used in sports drinks, candy, condiments and
  • Yellow No. 5 (Tartrazine):A lemon-yellow dye that is found in candy, soft drinks, chips, popcorn and cereals.
  • Yellow No. 6 (Sunset Yellow):An orange-yellow dye that is used in candy, sauces, baked goods and preserved fruits.
  • Blue No. 1 (Brilliant Blue):A greenish-blue dye used in ice cream, canned peas, packaged soups, popsicles and icings.
  • Blue No. 2 (Indigo Carmine):A royal blue dye found in candy, ice cream, cereal and snacks.

DISADVANTAGES

  • Can cause cancer
  • Allergic reactions in bodies
  • Hyperactivity in children
  • Increase estrogen
  • Stomach aches

NEGATIVE CALORIE FOODS

What if without doing and physical movement we can burn calories by consuming only foods and can reach the goal of weight loss,yes such food exist and we term them as Negative Calorie Foods.

A negative calorie food which requires more energy in its digestion then it naturally provides. Let’s make it simpler to understand, there is  a negative calorie food X which provides 100 calories and so as to digest the food X it consumes 150 calories from our body, if we see it mathematically it burn 50 calories from our body and don’t  add any body weight, it is basically  the thermic effect of food, foods with high thermic effect requires more energy for there digestion

SOME NEGATIVE CALORIE FOODS

. Celery

Containing barely 16 calories per 100 grams (as per USDA), celery is ranked high among negative calorie foods. Packed with fiber, celery is also rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate.

2. Berries
Indulge in these sweet and tangy treats without feeling guilty. Raspberries, blueberries and strawberries contain just 32 calories per half a cup (as per USDA). Known for their anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants, berries are really good for your heart too.

  1. Grapefruit

    Containing about 40 calories per 100 grams, grapefruit is a storehouse of vitamin C, folic acid and potassium along with soluble fibre pectin. In the book ‘Healing Foods’ by DK publishing, the authors suggest that foods rich in vitamin C can help reduce the severity of inflammatory conditions such as asthma.

  1. Carrots

Negative Calorie Foods: Carrots contain about 41 calories per 100 grams.
Carrots contain about 41 calories per 100 grams. They are also low in cholesterol and saturated fats which can work wonders if you happen to be struggling with hypertension issues. Along with being a good source of dietary fiber, carrots are also rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese and potassium

5. Tomatoes

Negative Calorie Foods: Tomatoes can also prove effective in lowering your cholesterol levels.
This tangy delight contains a minimal of 19 calories per 100 grams. Apart from being a juicy and delicious source of dietary fiber, potassium and vitamin C. They also contain lycopene, an antioxidant known to protect the skin from harmful UV rays. Tomatoes can also prove effective in lowering your cholesterol levels.

6. Cucumbers

Negative Calorie Foods: Cucumbers are full of minerals, vitamins and electrolytes and are extremely hydrating.
16 calories per 100 grams! Yes our favourite salad is that low on calories. Cucumbers are full of minerals, vitamins and electrolytes and are extremely hydrating. It is also known as the classic cooling food which helps maintain the body’s water balance on hot days.

7. Watermelon

Negative Calorie Foods: Watermelons are also rich in lycopene which can help protect the heart.
Another summer favourite, watermelons contain 30 calories per 100 grams. Watermelons are also rich in lycopene which can help protect the heart. The citrulline in the rind and the flesh of watermelon can also ensure smooth blood flow and enhanced immunity.

8. Apples

Negative Calorie Foods: the fiber present in apples also provides relief from constipation. 
Now they don’t say ‘an apple a day keeps the doctor away’ for nothing. Containing about 50 calories per 100 grams, apple is the fibre-rich snack you must keep in your bag to beat your mid-day hunger pangs. Apples are high in pectin, a type of soluble fiber that encourages weight loss, and releases sugar gradually to help regulate the body’s blood sugar levels. The fiber present in apples also provides relief from constipation.

9. Zucchini

Negative Calorie Foods: The phytonutrients in Zucchini also promote bowel regularity and aid water balance in the body.

Containing as low as 18 calories per 100 grams, zucchini is one of the highly recommended negative calorie foods by the nutritionists. The phytonutrients in Zucchini also promote bowel regularity and aid water balance in the body.

10. Broccoli

As suggested by Dr. Anju Sood, plant-based foods are high in fiber and great calorie burners. Containing barely 34 calories per 100 grams. Broccoli is ranked high amongst superfoods. It is packed with fibers and antioxidants and studies have shown that they may also have certain anti-cancer properties.

11. Lettuce

 Next time you whip up a salad, add some more lettuce. Containing only 6 calories per 100 grams, lettuce is not only low in calories but it is also rich in fiber, vitamin B, folic acid, and manganese.

Include these foods in your daily diet, if you are looking to shed some pounds. While these low-calorie foods can really help, remember that it is equally essential to maintain a balanced diet with all-round nutrition.

FUNCTIONAL FOODS:- LET FOOD BE THE MEDICINE

Functional foods

Have you ever heard that  A MEDICINE CAN BE A FOOD, No? So In previous time when there were no drugs to treat and cure diseases, Food was used as medicine to cure disease, Now days these foods are termed as functional foods

Functional foods are those foods or food constituents which provide specific health or medical benefits along with nutrition

CATEGORY OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS

According  to American dietary association functional foods can be divided into four categories

  • CONVENTIONAL FOODS :- those foods which provide health and medical benefits in there natural state are called conventional foods these are not fortified or enriched with other substances. These include fruits and vegetables which are rich in phytochemicals and antioxidants

 

Example :_ lycopene in organic tomatoes

 

  • MODIFIED FOODS :- these foods are enriched, fortified or enhanced with nutrients or beneficial ingredients

Example:- calcium fortified orange juice

                      Folic acid enriched bread

 

  • MEDICAL FOODS :- food which is consumed and formulated under under supervision of physician and which is intended for specific dietary management of a disease

 

  • FOODS FOR DIETARY USE :- these are similar to medical foods but are not taken under supervision of physician

 

 

SOME FUNCTIONAL FOODS

FUNCTIONAL FOODS FUNCTIONAL COMPONENDS
Berries Anthocyanins
Citrus foods Flavanones, limonoids
Fish oil DHA, EPA, omega 3 fatty acids
Tomato Lycopene
Wine Phenols, ellagic acids

 

TOMATOES :- its has lycopene which is the active component, its plays a role of antioxidant and prevents from cancer

GARLIC :- known as russian penicillin, it has antibacterial property, cholestrol lowering, and prevents hypertension

CITRUS FOODS:- it contains flavanoids and limonoids which has anticancer properties and it contains fiber, vitamin c which are good for gut health and cardiovascular disease

GREEN TEA :- it contains polyphenols and catechins which has anticancer effects in our body

CHOCOLATES:- contains flavonoids and and epicatechins which promote cardiovascular health and has anticancer effects

DAIRY PRODUCTS :- like yogurt, milk, cheese are rich in vitamin D and riboflavin and minerals like calcium and phosphorus  prove strength to bones and prevents osteoporosis

The fermented dairy products improves the gut health

FUNCTIONAL FOODS AND CHRONIC DISEASES

  • CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE :it is inadequate intake of foods containing micronutrient such as vitamin E and C, and beta carotene,intake of fruits and vegetables are affected against heart disease, DHA and EDA in fish oil are essential fatty acids and helps in lowering bad cholesterol
  • CANCER :- antioxidants rich foods are helpful in lowering risk of cancer like lycopene in tomatoes
  • ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE :- it is a brain disorder and can be prevented by consumption of omega 3 fatty acids and DHA from fish oil has found to decrease alzheimer disease by 60% if consumed twice a week

 

CONCLUSION :-

Functional foods play a significant role in human health as well as animal health, they protect from different type of chronic disease like cancer,Heart disease ,alzheimer. They are not good or bad foods, but they are good for bad diets