Your nervous system needs your attention

blog by:  (Sriparna Samajadar)

Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of functions such as  mobility, feeling, and senses. Severe injury to the spinal cord causes paralysis and complete loss of sensation to the body parts controlled by the spinal cord segments below the point of injury. Spinal cord injury can lead to many complications, including pressure sores,  and increased susceptibility to respiratory diseases.

This Spine and Nerve Injuries Online CE course provide a detailed discussion of traumatic spine and nerve injuries.  It gives detailed descriptions of thoracic, lumbar, cervical spine, along with soft tissue and fascia. The course basically covers the overall view of peripheral nervous system injury to ensure medical professionals to understand those conditions and provide necessary treatments. This programme is  authored by a respective team of neurosurgeons, including highly regarded concussion researcher Julian Bailes. The course offers expert advises and guidelines to fight and cure such injury related to spinal cord and nerves. Along with rehabilitation and treatment, the course will go deep to the anatomy and  background of   clinical features of the nerve and spine injuries to help understand the injuries better and to know the risk factors.

Athletic trainers, physical therapists,  medical technicians, and physicians can go for this course.  Spine and nerve injury online course is a step towards learning more about such disorders and injuries which we may not ever consider   knowing about yet somehow affects us at some point  of time. This  is  a critical resource  for all who  encounter  such traumatic spine and  nerve injuries  by providing  the  foundation for athletes  and practitioners  in getting  best  treatments  possible.





Study says lack of sleep may cost you your memory

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi.

Sleep deprivation for five hours may lead to loss of memory, a new study has found. The study focused on the loss of connectivity between neurons in the hippocampus, a region of the brain associated with learning and memory and how sleep deprivation negatively affects memory.

‘It’s clear that sleep plays an important role in memory – we know that taking naps helps us retain important memories. But how sleep deprivation impairs hippocampal function and memory is less obvious,’ said Robbert Havekes, assistant professor at the Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences. It has been proposed earlier that changes in the connectivity between synapses – structures that allow neurons to pass signals to each other – can affect memory.

To study this further, the researchers conducted the test on mouse brain and examined the impact of brief periods of sleep loss on the structure of dendrites, the branching extensions of nerve cells along which impulses are received from other synaptic cells. They first used the Golgi’s silver-staining method to visualise the length of dendrites and number of dendritic spines in the mouse hippocampus following five hours of sleep deprivation, a period of sleep loss that is known to impair memory consolidation.

Their analyses indicated that sleep deprivation significantly reduces the length and spine density of the dendrites belonging to the neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. They repeated the sleep-loss experiment, but left the mice to sleep undisturbed for three hours afterwards. This period was chosen based on the scientists’ previous work showing that three hours is sufficient to restore deficits caused by lack of sleep. The effects of the five-hour sleep deprivation in the mice were reversed so that their dendritic structures were similar to those observed in the mice that had slept.

The researchers then investigated what was happening during sleep deprivation at the molecular level. ‘Our further studies revealed that the molecular mechanisms underlying the negative effects of sleep loss do in fact target cofilin. Blocking this protein in hippocampal neurons of sleep-deprived mice not only prevented the loss of neuronal connectivity, but also made the memory processes resilient to sleep loss.’

Source: IANS

Study says listening to music at work may boost team spirit

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi.

Listening to upbeat music can have positive effect on the cooperative spirits of individuals working as a team, according to a new study. In the study published in the Journal of Organizational Behavior, researchers described two studies they conducted to test the effect of different types of music on the cooperative behaviour of individuals working as a team.

For each study, participants were grouped into teams of three where each team member was given multiple opportunities to either contribute to the team’s value using tokens or keep the tokens for personal use. When happy, upbeat music was played like ‘Brown Eyed Girl’ by Van Morrison or ‘Yellow Submarine’ by the Beatles, team members were more likely to contribute tokens to the group’s value.

When music deemed unpleasant was played — like heavy metal songs by less than well-known bands, participants were more likely to keep tokens for themselves. The researchers found that contribution levels to the public good when happy, upbeat songs were played were approximately one-third higher compared to the less pleasant music.

When researchers conducted a second experiment testing how people react when no music is played, the results were the same. The researchers concluded that happy music provokes people to more often make decisions that contribute to the good of the team.

‘Our results show that people seem more likely to get into sync with each other if they’re listening to music that has a steady beat to it. What’s great about these findings, other than having a scientific reason to blast tunes at work, is that happy music has the power to make the workplace more cooperative and supportive overall,’ said Kevin Kniffin, researcher at the Cornell University in the US. The researchers suggested that starting the day with this simple consideration in mind could result in happier employees and more teamwork.

Source: IANS

Diabetes drug may help prevent or delay heart disease

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi.

A drug commonly prescribed for Type 2 diabetes patients can also be used to inhibit or delay heart disease in individuals with Type 1 diabetes, says a study. Heart disease is the leading cause of illness in diabetic patients, accounting for more than half of all fatalities. Metformin is an inexpensive treatment that is often used for Type 2 diabetes to lower blood sugar levels by reducing glucose production in the liver.

The drug may also be used to lower Type 1 diabetic patients’ risk of developing this complication, the researchers said. ‘Our research is an exciting step forward as it may have positive clinical implications for patients with increased risk of cardiovascular disease by improving their treatment options,’ said Jolanta Weaver, Senior Lecturer at the Newcastle University in Britain. The findings of the clinical trial revealed that stem cells of patients who took metformin were able to promote the repair of the blood vessels and there was an improvement in how vascular stem cells worked.

‘Metformin could routinely be used by patients with Type 1 diabetes to help lower their chances of developing heart disease, by increasing a repair mechanism created by vascular stem cells released from the bone marrow,’ Weaver added.

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong autoimmune condition that develops when the pancreas does not produce any insulin, causing a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. For the study, the team examined a group of 23 people aged 19-64 who had Type 1 diabetes for up to 23 years but, had no evidence of heart disease. Patients were given metformin at a dose they could tolerate, between one to three tablets a day, for eight weeks. Participants were advised to adjust their insulin to keep blood glucose levels safe. The participants were matched with nine patients within the same age bracket who took standard insulin treatment and 23 healthy non-diabetic people aged 20-64.

‘The study showed that all our patients in the study had their insulin doses reduced after taking metformin and have not suffered any serious adverse effect,’ Weaver said. Patients with Type 1 diabetes may wish to consider discussing with their physicians the possibility of adding metformin, even at a very low dose, to the insulin that they are taking. However, care must to be taken to adjust insulin dose to prevent too low glucose levels, the researchers suggested.

Source: IANS

Facebook, Twitter may cut BP and diabetes in older adults

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi.

Surprised to see your grandparents making friends on Facebook, chatting online or using instant messaging services on smartphones? If yes, take heart, as indulging in social media could reduce loneliness as well as chronic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes in older adults.

It is because, social media technology like emails, Twitter, Skype has the potential to cultivate successful relationships among older adults, the researchers said. ‘Each of the links between social technology use and physical and psychological health was mediated by reduced loneliness,’ said William Chopik, Assistant Professor at Michigan State University, in the US.

The study also found that participants active on social media platforms were generally more satisfied with life and had fewer depressive symptoms as well as chronic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes. More than 95 per cent of the elderly participants in the study, said they were either ‘somewhat’ or ‘very’ satisfied with technology, while 72 per cent said they were not opposed to learning new technologies.

‘Older adults think the benefits of social technology greatly outweigh the costs and challenges of technology,’ Chopik added. Previous research on technology use across the life span had focused on the digital divide — or the disparities between younger and older adults — painting a rather bleak picture of seniors’ ability and motivation to adapt to a changing technological landscape.

However, the new study challenge this interpretation. ‘Despite the attention that the digital divide has garnered in recent years, a large proportion of older adults use technology to maintain their social networks and make their lives easier,’ Chopik said, adding, ‘in fact, there may be portions of the older population that use technology as often as younger adults.’ For the study, the team examined the benefits of using technology for social connection among older adults in 591 participants with an average age of 68.

Source: IANS

Traffic jams may make your body susceptible to cancer

Blog by: Suryakant Tripathi.

Apart from wasting your time, long traffic jams may cause exposure to toxic fumes, and potentially increase various health risks, including cancer, say researchers, one of them of Indian origin. Exposure to outdoor air pollution is among the top ten health risks faced by humans and is especially pronounced in urban concentrations, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In October 2013, WHO classified outdoor air pollution as being carcinogenic to humans. The findings showed that when vehicles stop at red lights, they go through different driving cycles such as idling, acceleration and deceleration and emission of toxic fumes.

These emissions take more time to disperse, especially in built-up areas and end up accumulating in the air at traffic signals. Thus, the people sitting inside cars, with closed windows but with fans switched on, can be at an increased risk of exposure to the outdoor pollutants, the researchers said. Switching on the fan sucks the dirty air from outside to inside the vehicle, resulting in an accumulation of pollutants in the car.

However, it may be relatively safe to put fans onto the setting where they re-circulate air within the car without drawing polluted air in from outside, the study stated. ‘Where possible and with weather conditions allowing, it is one of the best ways to limit your exposure by keeping windows shut, fans turned off and to try and increase the distance between you and the car in front while in traffic jams or stationary at traffic lights,’ said Prashant Kumar from the University of Surrey.

‘If the fan or heater needs to be on, the best setting would be to have the air re-circulating within the car without drawing in air from outdoors,’ Kumar added. Previous studies have shown that drivers stuck at traffic lights were exposed up to 29 times more harmful pollution particles than those driving in free flowing traffic.

Source: IANS

The 10 Minute Guide to Functional Fitness

Blog by:(Akshita Piplani)

The term “functional fitness” is getting a lot of buzz these days, but what exactly is Functional Fitness?
Put simply it’s a form of exercise that trains the body in a way that can be directly applied to everyday life. Functional fitness uses movements like squats, deadlifts, and presses to mimic common movements such as standing, picking up objects, walking, running, throwing, etc.
The term functional fitness has been used pretty liberally over the past 5-10 years. Practitioners from yoga instructors, group fitness instructors, personal trainers, infomercial pushers, etc have all started to use the term… So what is true functional fitness and what isn’t?

Life dictates all different kinds of movements, postures, and physical tasks. Functional fitness aims to prepare the body for anything that life throws your way. By using compound lifts (more on this below) that strengthen the entire body and mimic movements of everyday life, functional fitness can quickly improve your efficacy of tackling anything that life throws your way.

Functional fitness is one of the biggest phrases right now in the fitness industry. It’s great to be gym fit, to be able to perform pull-ups, endless sit-ups, and deadlift 400 pounds. But what can you actually do with this fitness? Are you able to pick up a couch, run to catch a bus, climb on top of something, explore nature, or compete in a trail race? Better yet, can you drag a 100lb deer out of the wood for two miles over varied terrain?

Functional exercise training may be especially beneficial as part of a comprehensive program for older adults to improve balance, agility and muscle strength, and reduce the risk of falls.

Functional training focuses on improving movement patterns and the quality of movement with a wide variety of exercises & programs. These exercises that make use of versatile equipment are aimed toward movement efficiency and performance enhancement. This applies in equal measures to the performance of activities of daily living as well as sports and competitive performance.

Functional fitness is meant to make you a stronger, more well-rounded, and thus a more confident human being. Everyday tasks begin to become easier.

It is easy to become comfortable in the indoor setting where it is predictable and safe. Every time you arrive at the gym your front desk staff will be the same, the bench will be in the same spot, and you know of what you are capable. Even if you train hard it tends to fall into a rut and doesn’t often push the envelope. When is the last time you were nervous before a workout, not sure if you were going to be able to complete it, or experienced the fear of learning a new skill? Learning is a skill itself. The more you learn physically or mentally the better you become at the act of learning. So, your next learning challenge is to take your fitness and apply it in some practical sense.


How to easily manage weight

blog by:  (Sriparna Samajdar)

The most common health related issue is none other than obesity. The rooting of this disease  is becoming so strong that in every country, every  family has a person now who is obese or suffering from weight problems. The teenagers and youngsters especially in country like India and US are suffering from major obesity problems. I have many friends who are both male and female, they are obese, and due to which their problems doesn’t end there. They don’t just look bad and  socially awkward;  they also suffer from many side effects and downside of being an obese person. While food habits are something we need to be conscious about,  weight management  is the answer to obesity,

This weight management certificate course will train you in regulation of body weight. It will train in weight imbalance, the causes of obesity, specific genetic factors, cultural and emotional cause, effect of fast food , stress on  our body and the several ways to lose of weight and train your body in having sugar substitutes, less calories consumption. The goal of this course is to introduce latest research in the field of weight management and to broaden the knowledge in this field, help people how to fight it and its risk factors. Various support groups and behavior counseling are also taught in this course.

The people who are eligible to apply are physiotherapist, fitness trainers, health professionals, MBBS, BHMS, BAMS  graduates. Attendance is very important for appearing in exams.  So If you are  depressed because of your weight and have lost all your hope by becoming fed up on  different gym exercise, it is time to join us and understand  the root of the problem and how to fight it back.

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why you cannot ignore fermented food and macro nutrients

blog by:   (Sriparna Samajdar)

Fermented food and macronutrients are the basic functional food in maintaining overall health. It prevents  many diseases as it contains essential fatty acids. Disease like cardiovascular, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, inflammatory disease, gastrointestinal disease, and autoimmune diseases are  mainly cured and get treated to a lot extent by consuming essential macronutrients enriched food. The disease by which  the whole world seems to be  suffering  from is obesity, and the fermented food and macronutrients  consumption is  best in fighting obesity. Many autoimmune diseases such as arthritis, osteoporosis  are cured by fermented food. The problems related  to  menopause  are treated by having a nutrient input in your diet. The disorders like insomnia, fatigue syndrome, baldness are all can be cured by having fermented food. Fermented  product contains high amount of micronutrients as they fermentation takes place  by bacteria. Foods like curd, yoghurt, kimchi , pickled vegetables are all very fruitful for our health.

The fermented foods and macronutrients online CE course  4th edition is what will make you aware and conscious of the disease that  are occurring daily in every household.  The course will cover form the basic details of how fatty acids are essential  to our food components  to describing  different functions  of our  body, the role of probiotics and  prebiotics, the importance of plant stanol esters in our body and how it affects our blood cholesterol level. This course will also train and teach you by the American Hearts Association’s  recommendations regarding fish intake and intake of fish oil and its necessary significance.

This course is apt for you to become more attentive of the diseases  easily spreading today only due to our lack and ignorance towards our food and diet. So stop ignoring what you eat and try to  become conscious  of the necessary food nutrients you are  consuming which will affect you in the long run.